10th biopolymers 2019 Meeting & Hospitality
Singapore, formally the Republic of Singapore, is a independent city-state and island country
in Southeast Asia. It deceits one degree north of the equator, at the southern slant of the Malay
Peninsula, with Indonesia’s Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
Singapore’s region consists of one main island along with 62 other atolls. Since independence, wide
land reclamation has increased its total size by 23% (130 square kilometres or 50 square miles).
The country is recognized for its transition from third world to first world in a single generation,
underneath the leadership of its founding father, Lee Kuan Yew.
Stamford Raffles initiated colonial Singapore in 1819 as a trading post of the British East India
Company. After the company’s collapsein 1858, the islets were surrendered to the British Raj as
a crown colony. During the Second World War, Singapore was conquered by Japan. It expanded
independence from the UK in 1963 by uniting with other former British territories to form Malaysia,
but parted two years later over ideological differences, becoming a sovereign nation in 1965.
After initial years of commotion and despite lacking natural resources and a vicinity, the nation
developed quickly as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce.